Occupational Therapy New Zealand Whakaora Ngangahau Aotearoa - Te Tiriti Relationship Governance Model (TRGM) - Occupational Therapy New Zealand Whakaora Ngangahau Aotearoa
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Te Tiriti Relationship Governance Model (TRGM)

In September 2015 OTNZ-WNA implemented the Te Tiriti Relationship Governance Model. This model reflects a true partnership between tāngata whenua and tāngata tiriti sharing the leadership and responsibility with co-presidencies and 50/50 membership of the Council. The association is the first allied professional body to do so.

OTNZ-WNA supports the Ministry’s framework for Tiriti governance, the principles of which are referenced below;

The principles of Te Tiriti o Waitangi, as articulated by the Courts and the Waitangi Tribunal, provide the framework for how we will meet our obligations under Te Tiriti in our day-to-day work. These principles are applicable in primary health, including the wider health and disability system. The principles that apply to our work are as follows.

  • Tino rangatiratanga: The guarantee of tino rangatiratanga, which provides for Māori self-determination and mana motuhake in the design, delivery, and monitoring of health and disability services.
  • Equity: The principle of equity, which requires the Crown to commit to achieving equitable health outcomes for Māori.
  • Active protection: The principle of active protection, which requires the Crown to act, to the fullest extent practicable, to achieve equitable health outcomes for Māori. This includes ensuring that it, its agents, and its Tiriti partner are well informed on the extent, and nature, of both Māori health outcomes and efforts to achieve Māori health equity.
  • Options: The principle of options, which requires the Crown to provide for and properly resource kaupapa Māori health and disability services. Furthermore, the Crown is obliged to ensure that all health and disability services are provided in a culturally appropriate way that recognises and supports the expression of hauora Māori models of care.
  • Partnership: The principle of partnership, which requires the Crown and Māori to work in partnership in the governance, design, delivery, and monitoring of health and disability services. Māori must be co-designers, with the Crown, of the primary health system for Māori.

Under the Te Tiriti Relationship Governance Model:

  • Council consists of eight councillors: four tangata whenua councillors nominated by their Rōpu and four tangata tiriti councillors elected at AGM.
  • Two Presidents – one from each house. Together they represent the council and co-chair meetings with an equal voice in decision-making
  • Two councillors – one from each house – are our delegates to the World Federation of Occupational Therapy
  • Council endeavours to ensure all subcommittees comprise equal number of tangata tiriti and tangata whenua members
  • Equitable and joint responsibilities for decision-making are undertaken

Tāngata Whenua: A generic term for Māori comprising those with mana whenua responsibilities – Māori who are tied culturally to an area by whakapapa and whose ancestors lived and died there; together with taura here – Māori who are resident in an area but who belong to waka and tribes from other parts of Aotearoa.

Tāngata Tiriti: A generic term to describe people whose rights to live in Aotearoa derive from Te Tiriti o Waitangi and the arrangements that the Crown established under a common rule of law and the provisions of Te Tiriti o Waitangi.

OTNZ-WNA governance and operations are expected to have a good understanding of Te Tiriti o Waitangi and be prepared to embrace a journey of learning and contribution to weave in tikanga and foster Māori worldview into all operations.

Here are resources to understand our Te Tiriti Relationship Governance model:

PDF: Tiriti Education Resource: Nga-Rerenga-o-Te-Tiriti

Webinar: Tiriti voyage as an organisation – http://www.communityresearch.org.nz/webinar-treaty-voyages-hows-organisation-faring